Your Guide to Allergen-Friendly Baking: Egg Substitutes

Being a newly eggless baker, finding good egg substitutes for your baked goods at home can be an overwhelming task. Well, fret no more! Here is a bit of clarity and guidance to help you understand what egg substitutes are out there and what type of baked good it can best be substituted into. 

I choose not to use eggs when I bake purely based on a preferential stance. Mainly the smell. I have a really difficult time enduring the smell of eggs that is left over not only in the bowls and sink but also the odor it can emit in some baked goods. If I can smell or taste it, it grosses me out and I can’t finish it. I’m not really sure when this began for me but it definitely got worse in the past 2 years to the point where I just refuse to bake with them.  Paired with my dairy allergy, I tend to unintentionally fall into the “vegan” category in the kitchen.

Guide to Egg Substitutes - Fork & Beans

We all have our personal reasons why we each started this eggless journey. Whether you are allergic, have difficulty digesting, are morally against, or have an unexplainable repulsion towards the smell of eggs like I do, we all have questions and need a place to start.  Especially for the new traveler, help is greatly needed to map out what exactly are good egg substitutes and which ones work best for certain baked goods. So let’s not waste anymore time and get to uncracking egg substitutes, shall we? 

Guide to Egg Substitutions - Fork & Beans

Here is a list of all my personal favorite egg substitutes when I bake.  I have dabbled with all of the below mentioned but there are a few that I am more experienced with because I have found more favorable results in the kitchen. I will discuss this further down in the post but for the time-being, here is a comprehensive, though not limited to, guide on the types of egg substitutes that are out there:

Guide to Egg Substitutions - Fork & Beans 

Guide to Egg Substitutions - Fork & Beans

Egg substitution is fairly simple. Each item listed below is an easy go-to measurement for replacing 1 egg for a recipe. If the recipe calls for 2 eggs, simply double the amount.  Please note that not every item listed should be substituted in every situation. Part of the journey is researching and having an appetite for knowledge. It’s empowering, I promise, despite how overwhelming it may seem. Get to know these items and start experimenting in your own kitchen. You might find a different preference than what I have…and that is the beauty of individuality.

Guide to Egg Substitutes - Fork & Beans

Each item has its own purpose and role in a certain type of baked good. For example, if I am looking for a crunchier cookie, I am going to opt for an item that will harden the cookie, like a starch (EnerG would work great here) would do the trick. The opposite would be quite true: If I am trying to create a chewier cookie,  I would opt for a fruit puree like applesauce or even pumpkin puree since these create a moist, tender bite.

I would not recommend using a flax egg for a cake because flaxseed meal does not do a whole lot for leavening a recipe. Instead I would look to EnerG, “Buttermilk” mixed with baking soda, and/or chia seeds.  Again, personal preference. Here is what I have found to work best in certain types of baked goods:

Guide to Egg Substitutions - Fork & Beans

*Please note that this list is not the last word on the matter. This is simply my own interpretation of eggless baking that I have grown to understand over the past couple of years. There will always be new items to be added here as well as current items that I have omitted because I do not have experience using them. I believe that I cannot be a resource to you if I have no idea what I am talking about so I have limited the list to what I do know. I hope this proves to help you in the beginning steps to becoming an eggless baker.

So what are we waiting for? Let’s start baking and see what kind of eggless goodies we can create!


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  1. Great post! Something that I have been meaning to write for a long time. Now I can just refer to yours! Thank you x

  2. Angelica says:

    May I add…all the rage right now for Aquafaba (spelling?) made from garbanzo beans…I’ve not tried it yet though.

    • Yup, you are right! I will need to eventually add that in :) I have tried it and it’s rather spectacular!!

      • I am new to replacing xantham gum and I know that many egg replacers can also sub for xantham. Where do you buy chia seeds and psyllium husk? I’m glad I can also use these as egg replacers, too. Thanks!

        • I buy my psyllium at Trader Joes in their vitamins/supplements section (you can find it online as well) and I get whole chia seeds from Whole Foods and Trader Joes (they now sell it there) and grind it up when I am ready to use it in a recipe. It’s a tricky thing when you can omit xanthan gum. Breads and delicate cakes really do need it but items that are less of a rise are okay with experiment without. Good luck! xo

  3. I was 35 when I had my last child and developed a distaste for eggs in my last trimester. By the time he was 9 months old we discovered he had an egg allergy (and I still couldn’t eat them or stand the smell!) I used ener-G for nearly every baking recipe successfully, except for brownies. They were always hard and dry even when shortening the time. I gave up on brownies. I’m so excited to try some of your suggestions so I can have brownies again. My son and I thank you!

  4. Kathleen Malone O'Connor says:

    Been Ovo-Lacto Veggie for years and earlier Vegan baking recipes disappointed–came out like brick bats. But this wide range of egg and dairy substitutes and what they’re good for has inspired me to take the plunge into Vegan baking again. Thanks for putting all this info together. Now my convictions and my diet can march along together.

    • Oh yes! I LOVE hearing that Kathleen!! You might also be interested in knowing that I am putting together a Tell-All Baking Secrets ebook about baking gluten, egg, and dairy-free that is coming out next month :) That will be of great help for you too!

  5. Why did it take me so long to find this? I often wondered about the other egg substitutes and you did all the work for me. Thank you very much.

  6. i have another egg replacer ‘recipe’ that my family has used for ages because of my brother’s many allergies:
    for 1 large egg:
    -1.5 tbsp water
    -1.5 tbsp vegetable oil
    -1 tsp baking powder

    mix in a mug and add to your baking recipe – we use it in boxed cake mixes, brownies, from-scratch cookies… you name it! and it’s great because those ingredients are usually in your pantry anyway.

  7. Absolutely stoked I have stumbled across your site Cara! With allergies to nuts, eggs, some seeds and kiwifruit (!), and being gluten free, I know your resources and recipes will be a major help with my baking experiments!

    For another egg substitute, I love using avocado for savoury baking or as a binder when making burger patties. The oil in avocado also means you can often cut down on the amount of butter/margarine and other oils in the recipes :)

  8. I love the photos of the eggs with the different egg replacement ingredients inside. It’s very creative and visually appealing. <3

  9. Nicole Reid says:

    My 14 month old son was diagnosed with a severe egg allergy, among other food allergies, at 8 months old. His father & I have never had any food allergies & we were FLOORED. It was terrifying for awhile! I have been looking for great “egg free” recipes and found your blog. Thank you so much for your story & all of the great recipes!

    • Oh man, can I relate to that fear! It’s a completely new world but I am so glad that Fork & Beans can be assurance to you that you will be A-Okay and that there is still SO MUCH to bake, cook, and eat! Much love to you, Nicole. xo

  10. Hi there,

    I am wanting to make sardine fishballs:

    And they recommend an egg yolk to help hold the fishballs together. Which substitute in your opinion will help best acheive this in lieu of the egg yolk? And to what amount?


    • Try 1 Tbsp. flaxseed meal + 2 Tbsp. water. Allow to sit for 5 minutes to thicken. You might need more breadcrumbs (if the recipe calls for it) seeing that it might be more liquidy than 1 yold but it should do the trick.

  11. My teenage son has recently decided to become vegan…. yet I am a big baker. His decision is making some big changes in my kitchen. These are helpful, thank you.

  12. This blog is very informative. Keep it up! :)

  13. Thank you for your blog. It’s very informative! :)

  14. Thanks for this very useful guide! Most of the time it isn’t well explained at all,..So a big thank you! x

  15. Wow! I really love your blog. Very informative on any topic, keep it up!

  16. This is terribly helpful! I’ve only ever used the flax meal but have often wondered how chia would work. You’re the queen of gf science, lady!

    • If only my high school Science teacher could hear those words–he would be falling off of his chair! Makes the C I got in that class worth it :)

  17. Great post, Cara! So informative. I usually go straight for the flax or chia egg when I need a substitute, but I’ll have to try some of the other ones you’ve mentioned… I didn’t realize there were so many! Thanks! :)

    • Flax and chia are pretty much the heroes to egg replacers, aren’t they? That I agree with but you are right–the list of substitutes seems almost endless (and creative!) The things people find…

  18. Very timely on this thanks for all you do!

  19. Yep, you are pretty much AMAZING! Not that I didn’t already know that. I bet Veg News comes a knocking for this one soon.

  20. Cara these infographics and photos are stunningly beautiful, okay and wicked helpful too lady.

    I’m totally sharing this as far and as wide as I can. Love it!


  21. Do you have a suggestion for eggs in pumpkin pie?

  22. very helpful, but I have one issue with the post: you used eggs!
    This post would be a lot more helpful to vegans if you didn’t use eggs while doing it
    I’m not trying to be a meany bopper or anything :p, just a heads up

    • Thank you for the comment, Becca! I appreciate you trying to not be rude but simply state your opinion–I absolutely respect that. I have learned over the years that I will never please everyone over here and that is okay with me–I just follow what I think is right. Fork & Beans is a site is to help anyone who is gluten, egg, and/or dairy-free for whatever choices they choose and I hope it provides a resource to you in whatever way, despite our differences in lifestyle choices. Much love, Cara

  23. I love this guide. I share your issue with eggs. I think mine goes back to when I was about 13 and we had moved to the country with a house that only had well water, which was black and smelled of sulfur. I refused to take a bath for a long time and eventually my dad treated the water but still, ugh! I don’t like eggs but wish I did. Just can’t deal with them.

    • Isn’t it so funny how we develop likes/dislikes from the strangest experiences? I’m with you–I really WANT to like eggs, in fact, I will eat them from time-to-time and there are days I force myself to enjoy it. ha. So silly. But how good does Eggs Benedict sound??? If only…

  24. WOW…GREAT Post!!! Thank you so much…This is EXACTLY what I needed to take out the guess work!!! I just shared this on FB, and told everyone to print it out, to keep handy in their kitchen. I have just been researching this topic, and yours is ‘BY FAR’ the BEST out there!
    Thanks for ALL of your GREAT work, making our lives easier!!!

    • I’m so glad that you found this helpful, Renae!! Just wait, there is more info coming your way. Stay tuned… xo

  25. Thank you sooo much!!! Really needed this more in depth lesson coming up to the holiday as I have only been vegan 2 &1/2 months and have not had chance to try out recipes . Brilliant post! Keep ’em coming Cara :)

    • There will be more Sarah, so hang on :) I’m glad these could provide some assistance to you for the upcoming holidays. I know how overwhelming it all can be so anything I can do to alleviate the guess work is satisfaction for me. xo

  26. Thanks for this list! I usually only use flaxseed, but good to know there are other alternatives. I found a mixed roasted nut recipe for the holidays that calls for an egg white- any suggestions for a substitute?

    • Hi Andrea,
      What is the recipe for? I think that can help me better understand what a good sub could be for it. The only thing I usually use for egg white subs is EnerG (1 1/2 tsp) mixed with just 2 Tbsp of water according to its directions on the box. The great thing about this product is that you can even use an electric mixer to it and it will begin to form soft peaks.
      I’m curious if others have done different options and what they are?
      Hope this helps!

  27. Since I started my vegan journey simply by looking up already vegan recipes, I never had to “replace” eggs in that way. But it is a nice compilation for future experimentation :)

    • That makes great sense–Liane! If you are following vegan recipes, there is no need to convert :) Definitely keep this folded in your back pocket just in case you might need it. xo

  28. GREAT post! This will make a wonderful reference for myself since I am fairly new to vegan baking.

    • I am so glad that you are finding this helpful, Laura! Especially being new at the game, it can be a bit overwhelming to comprehend everything. But experimentation is the best way to figure it all out so get baking! 😉 Let me know if you have any questions… xo

  29. fantastic resourceCara, thank you for compiling and educating us!

  30. Wow this is so helpful, thank you! :)


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